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Warning – BMI may not always be an accurate measure of Obesity.
Body Mass Index (BMI) is the measure of body fat based on height and weight that applies to both adult men and women.
BMI does not differentiate between body fat and muscle mass. Therefore, body builders and people who have a lot of muscle bulk will have a high BMI but are not overweight or obese.
Overweight is defined as a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 25 to 29.9. Overweight refers to increased body weight in relation to height.
Obesity is defined as a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or higher and extreme obesity is a BMI of 40 or more. Extreme obesity is often referred to as Morbid Obesity due to the associated health risks.
Obesity is a very complex disease and the causes of the community obesity epidemic and obesity in any given person are slowly being unraveled. We now know that our genes are very important and how our genes interact with our environment is critical. Unfortunately you cannot influence your DNA and how your genes are influenced by the current obesogenic environment was influenced by your mother's pregnancy and your very early interaction with your environment. Your path to having a lifelong battle with your weight was set up before entering school and certainly by secondary school. It's not something you planned, designed or brought upon yourself. This may surprise you! It's not an issue of your lack of willpower or loss of control.
You know the aspects of the modern environment that have set this up: ready access to attractive processed tasty foods, sedentary lifestyles with oodles of screen time, machines to do everything, and really no need to move much unless you are so inclined. In addition lack of sleep, stresses of modern life and family, and the "must haves' of modern life do not help. We see this epidemic everywhere people aspire to the modern dream. Prevention of obesity will take a whole of society change, an environmental makeover. We haven't started to think about how this can be done in society so it's easier to simply blame those who are obese for their lifestyle choice – such a community cop out. It is so wrong!
Unfortunately this toxic environment also makes us sick, not only causing obesity but its associated serious disease such as high blood pressure, diabetes, sleep problems, depression, along with an increased risk of heart attack, stroke and many cancers. It causes mobility problems, damages joints and generates a wide range of psychological issues leading to a very poor quality of life for many. This, of course, is only aggravated by the stigmatization and discrimination directed at those suffering the condition by all levels of society. This bias and stigmatization is not only aimed at those afflicted by this serious condition but also to treatment which can be very effective!
We now know just why you find it very difficult to lose weight. Despite the best will in the world our bodies carefully defend against weight loss. Losing weight sends out a clear survival message which makes many metabolic systems act together to "protect" us from further weight loss and help us regain the lost weight. The more we lose the more powerful the response. This is why even if we can lose weight it goes back on naturally and it's very hard to keep off – regardless of our best intentions.
Associate Professor.John Dixon - Baker IDI & Senior Consultant to LapSurgery Australia
We live in a busy world, and sometimes it’s so hard to find the time to pay attention to you! Unfortunately, our health can sometimes suffer as a result. We see a lot of information in the media about the ever increasing rise in lifestyle related diseases, such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.
So it’s important that we all pay attention to how we live, and how we can optimize our health for the future.
Being as healthy as you can have a positive effect on all areas of your life, from how you feel about yourself, to how you perform in your working life. More and more, we see how important it is to live a healthy lifestyle - and it might be easier than you think!
Remember small and simple steps can make all the difference and below are some simple tips that may help you to achieve the healthiest lifestyle for you:
|Remember fresh is best, include a variety of fruit and vegetables in your diet.||Every little bit counts- take the stairs, park the car further away, walk to get the newspaper.||Try to manage stress in ways that do not harm your lifestyle, such as seeking comfort in food. Exercise is a great stress reliever, but you may also look into other forms of stress relief such as reading, self pampering, discussing with family or friends or taking up a hobby like artistic painting.|
If you need further guidance, motivation and support in making changes; our experienced Dietitian may be a great help to you! To make an appointment contact LapSurgery Australia on 9760 2777.
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